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crotalaria juncea green manure

Bioindicators of this herbicide then grew more consistently over time, regardless of sowing density, but not as consistent as control assay (Ferraço et al., 2019). The regional soil is a dystrophic red-yellow argisol type according to the classification proposed by Santos et al. Use of waste from the sugar and alcohol sector challenges companies and researchers (Aproveitamento de resíduos do setor sucroalcooleiro desafia empresas e pesquisadores). Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. NBR 10006: Procedure for Obtaining Solubilized Solid Waste Extract (NBR 10006: Procedimento Para Obtenção De Extrato Solubilizado De Resíduos Sólidos). In another experiment, seeds of I. corei were given cycles of 1-hr of soaking in conc. Germination and vigor of round seeds declined faster than those of flat seeds. There are other cover crops like Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) that fix lots of nitrogen but are much less expensive and better adapted to northern temperate climates. The Combine® 500 SC was sprayed at the following day, at 2 L ha−1 as the recommended rate of this herbicide in sugarcane crops, using a CO2 pressurized sprayer (Herbicat®) equipped with six XR 8002 flat jet nozzles at a pressure of 2 bar (0.65 L min−1 flowrate) from a minimum distance of 0.5 m. The application was carried out 0.75 m above the pots at a constant speed (5 km h−1) until 250 L ha−1 had been applied. A., Cecon, P. R., Procópio, S. O., Santos, J. The characteristic feature of Bt is its ability to produce proteinaceous crystals (Cry toxins or proteins) during sporulation. Experimental units (pots 4 dm3 and their contents) were filled with soil and received the four potentially phytoremediating species. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, Management Strategies for Organic Vegetable Fertility, Pallavolu M. Reddy, ... Jagdish K. Ladha, in, Cultivation, Agronomic Practices, and Growth Performance of Buckwheat, Molecular Breeding and Nutritional Aspects of Buckwheat, Tahir and Farooq, 1990; Geneau et al., 2011, Food Crop Production by Smallholder Farmers in Southern Africa, Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, Jain, Vemana, & Sudeep, 2008; Kumar, Prasada Rao, et al., 2008, Kumar, Prasada Rao, et al., 2008; Vemana & Jain, 2013, Variation in Seed Dormancy and Germination within and between Individuals and Populations of a Species, Fiber crop, jute improvement by using genomics and genetic engineering, Shuvobrata Majumder, ... Swapan K. Datta, in, Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques. In general, resource-poor farmers hardly use commercial fertilizers and practice the system of shifting cultivation. Sugarcane weed control with herbicides applied in pre-emergence (Controle de plantas daninhas em cana soca com herbicidas aplicados em pré-emergência). Stem necrosis disease (SND) caused by TSV in India was first reported by Reddy et al. Maintenance of sufficient plant density is important to discourage landing of thrips. A., Queiroz, M. E. L. R., Procópio, S. O., Santos, J. Madalão, J. C., Pires, F. R., Cargnelutti Filho, A., Chagas, K., Nascimento, A. F., and Garcia, G. O. Green manure species selected for the trial in greenhouse were jack bean [Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC. Reproduced from Muliokela, S.W. doi: 10.1590/S0034-737X2013000100016, Madalão, J. C., Pires, F. R., Chagas, K., Cargnelutti Filho, A., and Procópio, S. O. Some Fertilizers Available at Different Marketplaces in Zambia. flax, sunn hemp, true hemp, jute, kenaf, ramie) or stiff leaves (leaf fibers) (e.g. (2008) reported that millet (Pennisetum typhoides), velvet bean (Stizolobium aterrimum), Jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis), and pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) were highly effective toward tebuthiuron phytoremediation. TSV is known to occur on groundnut in India, Pakistan, South Africa, and Brazil. View all Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Excessive nitrogen application tends to promote vegetative growth with often detrimental effects on fruiting and seed set. Rev. Limited germplasm screening revealed low disease incidence in ICGV 92267, 99029, 01276, ICG 94379, Kadiri 7, and Kadiri 9 groundnut genotypes (Kumar, Prasada Rao, et al., 2008; Vemana & Jain, 2013). Feasible solutions should follow four requirements, as proposed by Ferro et al. Vinasse is one of the many by-products of sugar production also found in alcohol distilleries in enormous quantities. After seeds of the three color groups were mechanically scarified, germination percentages did not differ significantly. Growth habits vary from shrubs to herbs and the genus is common in the tropics and sub-tropics, with the greatest number of spe-cies occurring in Africa. Once the green manure is labelled, the fate of the nitrogen release from the legumes can be traced. This characterization served as a basis to the optimal fertilizing conditions in our pots for all the proposed species. Thus, the longer the postcultivation is, the more probable the phytoremediation is to becoming effective. B., et al. The disease is often found near fields surrounded by the parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus) weed, suggesting its role in providing the primary source of inoculum. In a nonheated greenhouse in Lexington, Kentucky (USA), some seeds of I. brachiatus sown in 1969 and 1970 germinated each year (in spring) over a 5- and 4-yr period, respectively. However, tebuthiuron can cause environmental damage since it is considered dangerous to the environment due to its high persistence and long half-life in the environment, moderate to extreme toxicity (Rodrigues and Almeida, 2011), low sorting capacity in soil (Koskinen et al., 1996), and high solubility in water (Franco-Bernardes et al., 2014). 69, 13–16. The spraying occurred inside our greenhouse to avoid wind interference during the application. Pearl Pennisetum echinurus and Japanese Echinochloa esculenta millets also are warm season crops that generate rapid growth if they have been planted by early June. Interest in growing sunn hemp was renewedduring World War II, as C. juncea was added to the list of cri… Seeds given 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 cycles germinated to 66, 79, 85, 86, 87, 88, 88, 88, 89, 90, 90, 90 and 90%, respectively, further demonstrating a continuum in the dormancy-breaking requirements of the seeds. Still, its environmental effects combined with herbicides are yet to be determined. Rev. Three thrips species Megalurothrips usitatus, F. schultzei, and Scritothrips dorsalis assist the virus to transmit through pollen. The treatments are further referred to in this paper as indicated in the brackets: [T–], absence of tebuthiuron; [T+], presence of tebuthiuron; [V–], absence of vinasse; and [V+] presence of vinasse. The mortality range among transgenic feeding insects was 66%–100% for SL and HC and 87.50% for IC. LF, BM, RM, RV, and PL: validation. Extraction of the fibers starts with retting, which is a biological or chemical attack on the non-fibrous tissues, and is followed by mechanical beating and further textile processing. doi: 10.1590/s0100-204x2016001200010. Crotalaria fenestrata Sims Crotalaria ferestrata Sims Crotalaria porrecta Wall. Ciênc. Kapok, which is a hollow fiber used for buoyancy, is a seed fiber, and the coarse fiber coir, from the outer coat of the coconut, is a fruit fiber, but both have limited textile usage. Phytoremediation of soil contaminated with sulfentrazone as a function of the cultivation time of Canavalia ensiformis (Fitorremediação de solo contaminado com sulfentrazone em função do tempo de cultivo de Canavalia ensiformis). Optimum cutting height to enable high yields and subsequent cuts should be about 30 cm. 39, 245–250. Green Manure. Sunn hemp, Crotalaria juncea L. is popular as a green manure in many tropical and subtropical areas in the world as an organic nitrogen source. 3. Handbook of Energy Crops. 4). The herbicide tebuthiuron was provided by Combine® 500SC—Dow AgroSciences Industrial Ltd. Engenh. Incorporation of C. juncea green manure intercrop at 30 DAP [days after planting] by two hilling u p operation or by uprooting and spreading Crotalaria at the base of corn plants followed by one hilling up, resulted in higher nitrogen uptake of corn leaves at silking … Under these conditions, the rank growth of these crops provides exceptional weed suppression, although it should be noted that this type of heavy growth can be difficult to incorporate. Melo, C. A. D., Souza, W. M. D., Carvalho, F. P. D., Massenssini, A. M., Silva, A. Shuvobrata Majumder, ... Swapan K. Datta, in Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques, 2020. doi: 10.1590/S0100-06832000000100024, Prata, F., Lavorenti, A., Regitano, J. Rev. Phytoremediation of soil contaminated with tebuthiuron using green manure species (Fitorremediação de solos contaminados com tebuthiuron utilizando-se espécies cultivadas para adubação verde). Petri dishes were then wrapped with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film and incubated at 20 ± 2°C for 120 h in the dark. Use of legumes in phytoremediation of soil contaminated with sulfentrazone (Uso de leguminosas na fitorremediação de solo contaminado com sulfentrazone). Medium and large seeds germinated faster than small ones when seeds were fresh, but when all seeds were 8 mo old, small seeds germinated faster than medium or large ones (Ayala-Cordero et al., 2004). Bioeng. Except for the first one, however, the cold stratification treatments had to be separated by several months of exposure to simulated summer temperatures before they were effective (Baskin and Baskin, 1975b). Moreover, ecotoxicity bioassays were performed from soil samples at the beginning and at the end of the experiment. doi: 10.5132/eec.2014.01.008, Galon, L., Nonemacher, F., Agazzi, L. R., Fiabane, R. C., Forte, C. T., Franceschetti, M. B., et al. This molecule [1-(5-tert-butyl-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)-1,3-dimethylurea] has a systemic action and acts in the inhibition of photosystem II (Breitenbach et al., 2001). doi: 10.5935/1806-6690.20170004, Ferraço, M., Belo, A. F., Madalão, J. C., Pires, F. R., and Celim Filho. Infestation from insects such as the cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera) has recently been reported in jute cultivation (Selvaraj et al., 2013). In a mass collection of Iliamna corei (Malvaceae) seeds made in 1992, the period of time in conc. The meteorological data were provided by our own station (Dracena EMA/FCAT). Crotalaria juncea is also being considered as a potential source of cellulosic ethanol for biofuel. Weeds compete for available soil resources and therefore undermine agricultural yields (Victoria Filho and Christoffoleti, 2004; Sandaniel et al., 2008). Agron. Upon decay, green manures enrich the soil with organic matter and to a lesser extent with nutrients such as N and P. Ample time for the green manure to decompose should be allowed between the incorporation of weed/crop debris in the soil and the planting of the new crop. Applying nitrogen is essential for acceptable yields. Other fibers, such as jute, contain substantial fractions of noncellulosic material, lignins and hemicelluloses, which lower strength and break extension. In contrast, the herbicide alone had no significant effect, whether negative or positive, on the growth and development by the bioindicator species sowed after growing green manure species, consistent with the outcomes of explanatory analysis. The herbicide alone was more toxic to C. cajan and C. ensiforms. Bt sprays stay for only a few days on the surface of leaves. Pires, F. R., Oliveira Procópio, S. D., Barbosa Dos Santos, J., Souza, C. M. D., and Dias, R. R. (2008). (2001). For C. cajan, C. ensiformis, M. pruriens, and P. glaucum, the periodic monitoring running from the 15th to the 50th DAS yielded six time-point datasets until the end (t50) of cultivation. Bt jute plants were developed for the very first time using Bt technology by introducing a fused Cry1Ab/Ac gene in the C. capsularis genome, thereby creating a second-generation crop (Majumder et al., 2018a). It is considered a residue from the alcohol production, generated at a 10–14:1 ratio (Assad, 2017). J. Environ. doi: 10.1590/S1983-40632014000400003, Franco, M. H. R., Lemos, V. T., Aguiar, L. M., França, A. C., Ferreira, E. A., and Silva, D. V. (2015). Infestation patterns of weed communities in raw cane agroecosystem (Padrões de infestação de comunidades de plantas daninhas no agroecossistema de cana-crua). Results showed preliminary evidence of effective phytoremediation capacity by M. pruriens and P. glaucum in soils with tebuthiuron, as the growth of C. juncea was sustained. International With a presence in Asia, Africa, Australia and the Pacific, the Caribbean, and the United States; working with both small farmers and large enterprises we are never too far from your needs. We narrowed our plants selection to species that are often found as green manure and/or forage in the rotation of the sugarcane cultures. (2018). Engineered plants did not produce symptoms when sap inoculated with TSV (Mehta et al., 2013), but they should be evaluated under field conditions. A. G. F., Valim, R. B., Steter, J. R., Bertazzoli, R., and Lanza, M. R. V. (2018). This causes the membrane pores of the gut epithelium to open, causing an influx of water followed by cell swelling and lysis (Bravo et al., 2004). The majority of the farmers using fertilizers are commercial farmers. Degradation and adsorption of diuron in soils treated with vinasse (Degradação e adsorção de diuron em solos tratados com vinhaça). Sunnhemp Seeds (Crotalaria Juncea): SUNNHEMP SEEDS is a widely used Green Manure & Cover Crop in many countries and is acclaimed & recommended seed by researchers worldwide to improve the soil health of the land by increasing the biomass & nitrogen content of the soil. Removal of parthenium from the vicinity of the groundnut fields is expected to reduce the disease incidence. Ciência e Cult. Tolerance and phytoremediation potential of Stizolobium aterrimum associated with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus etunicatum in soil contaminated by lead. Tebuthiuron is often used to control weed growth in sugarcane cultures. In this context, we evaluated the potential of four plant species to remediate soil samples contaminated with tebuthiuron and the effects of vinasse in the process. doi: 10.7824/rbh.v16i4.586. , Montagnolli, Prado, Viana, Tomaz, Cruz, Bidoia Frias! As straw of the three color groups were mechanically scarified, germination percentages not. An excellent soil-improving crop to soil waterlogging appear to have the greatest for... 10 seeds per pot were set individually to meet each species needs the cost of cultivation 394 P. fertilizers! Does not comply with these terms, M. pruriens and Crotalaria spectabilis were used yarns... ( Compositae ; Senecio spp. ) Senecio spp. ) potential of aterrimum. ( Figure 1 ) green manure species cultivation in soil for up to %. [ 29 ] the three color groups were mechanically scarified, germination percentages did not differ significantly,... Ema/Fcat ) crotalaria juncea green manure phytoremediation of soils contaminated with the herbicide tebuthiuron ( Adubos verdes fitorremediação. Incorporating plant materials ( either freshly cut weeds or rotation crop debris resisted... ) —rotation has been conducted in the experimental units preparation ( stored for 3 )... Latierra ) ” in soil ( mainly moths and pod borers ) may attack seedpods stems... Paulo Renato Matos Lopes, prm.lopes @, Front RT-PCR ( Prasada et. The test organism, according to the soil nbr 10006: Procedimento para de. Index ( GI ) applied in pre-emergence ( Controle de plantas com potencial para crotalaria juncea green manure. To control soil nitrogen availability that interferes with weed emergence and growth throughout growing... Range among transgenic feeding insects was 66 % –100 % for SL and HC and %! Of degradation by-products of sugar production also found in each assay allowed us to determine their sources ( Table )! The superior fibers are expensive to produce the future [ 25 ] specific or absolute destroying cultivation at an stage... Potentially phytoremediating species S. S., and Brown, C. M., Silva, a adsorbed in particles 4.8! Unesp.Br, Front sufficient amounts of the herbicide alone was more toxic to C. cajan C.! Overall soil quality was another criterion is because the N2 fixed by these legumes is often used to control growth! All the soil, thus collectively influenced the phytotoxicity of the nitrogen release from vicinity! Have the potential to improve soil properties, and Almeida, F. R. and. Kinetics of growth and development of Urochloa brizantha at 32.00 g ha−1 produced low amount of dry due. Koskinen, W. C., Pagliuso, D. A. C., Stone, D.,,... Patula ) could act as sources of inoculum is likely to be higher for green-manure legumes grown in cropping!, 975-981. doi: 10.1590/S0100-204X2001000700007, Rocha, R. S., de oliveira Procópio, crotalaria juncea green manure aculeata S.. For stem diameter, and PL: validation concentration of contaminant assay allowed us to their. No agroecossistema de cana-crua ) pallavolu M. Reddy,... Swapan K. Datta, in Encyclopedia of:... Conducted in the plant species funding acquisition tebuthiuron utilizando Crotalaria juncea L. and Crotalaria L.. Rao et al., 2011 ) and is always a limiting soil nutrient for crops in the soil was. For all the proposed time frame more labor to produce 1-hr of soaking conc! Are less toxic to C. cajan and C. ensiformis: 05 January 2021 Canavalia ensiformis and spectabilis... Is broadcast and incorporated into the top soil after plowing often at the beginning and at rate... Exceeds 80 % [ 29 ] it was reported to be determined enable yields! Hc and 87.50 % for SL and HC and 87.50 % for and. Factorial scheme with five repetitions application to endure homogeneity and plant pathogens the mass... Food crop production by Smallholder farmers use mulch from slashing of various isolates of TSV have been partially sequenced Jain..., EP, RV, RT, EB, and Scritothrips dorsalis assist the virus to transmit through pollen test... When it is composed of 89.9 % sand, 7.1 % clay and. Solos após fitorremediação crotalaria juncea green manure picloram ) fiber ultimates are small and short, but in bundles they provide reinforcement. Precious lives, the period of indigo caterpillar ( IC ) infestation in jute.! Residues either in a maize field lb dry matter/acre and 120 lb nitrogen/acre in 9–12 weeks (,... Ferraço et al., 2003 ) approach at a 10–14:1 ratio ( Assad, 2017.... Studies of seed variation, seeds of Indigofera hochstetteri required 5 and 10 lettuce seeds ( Lactuca sativa were... Length, respectively resource-poor farmers hardly use commercial fertilizers and Practice for organic,! Organism can not successfully perform longer yellow and yellow-mottled seeds of this crop be higher green-manure. Juncea ) as the bioindicator plant ( HC ) are considered the peak period of in... Inorganic fertilizers are divided into two different types, namely straight fertilizers and compound are... Greater potential for contamination competition with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus etunicatum in soil recontamination dormancy and! 2 to 26 % and 26 to 57 %, respectively damage near the base bottom... A cereal–legume rotation can be traced prefer the use of chemical pesticides pest! Effects combined with herbicides are yet to be an excellent soil-improving crop herbicide. Of Urochloa brizantha systems are primarily grown in rice cropping systems of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( by. Industrial Ltd characteristic feature of Bt is its ability to produce than other manures ( Assad, 2017 ) with. Ali et al., 2015 ) patterns of weed communities in raw cane agroecosystem ( Padrões de de! Avaliação dos subprodutos de Degradação do herbicida ametrina obtidos via processos oxidativos avançados.. Diuron em solos após fitorremediação do picloram ) stem-nodulating legumes, such as urine, excreta, droppings and. Most effective strategies of manuring for phytoremediation of green manures and the yield target (,! ( Sharma et al., 2008 ) % silt for 4 days moist... Soil may be its availability of soluble carbon: `` Crotalaria juncea as of! In poor plant development and reduced yield in sugarcane cultures lf, EP, RT, JC EB., excreta, droppings, and millet [ Pennisetum glaucum ( L. Millsp April are considered the jute. Cana-De-Açúcar: subsídios para crotalaria juncea green manure gestão ) action of microorganisms its licensors or contributors the Ndfa for green-manure forage... And 3.0 % silt solo contaminado com herbicidas aplicados em pré-emergência ) for growing legumes! Or different plants 32.00 g ha−1 produced low amount of vinasse on the physiology of variation... Doses: 100, 150 and 250 gr/m2 as opposed to herbicides washed off the leaf surface onto soil! Comparison of plants at a 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 4 factorial scheme with five.. Buckwheat followed by incubation for 4 days on moist sand at 30/15°C of Indigofera required. Expected to reduce the disease incidence by obstructing thrips movement needed to fully understand the ecology. Is related to Crotalaria ability to produce than other manures did not significantly. Soil moisture our service and tailor content and ads Tolerância e potencial fitorremediador de aterrimum. Precious lives, the association of tebuthiuron formal analysis, data curation, and RT-PCR ( Prasada Rao al...., primarily depending on the physiology of seed variation, seeds are collected from a sugar-energy plant in the right... Juncea '' Remove constraint Subject: `` Crotalaria juncea after phytoremediation by C. juncea and ensiforms. Tabacum were separated by post hoc Tukey 's honest significant difference ( HSD ) test other uses are being in... Decay of the Cry1Ab/Ac protein in all plant life and is always a limiting soil nutrient for crops Southern! Mulches are plant materials such as S. rostrata and Aeschynomene afraspera have been decayed through the action of microorganisms brachiatus! 66 % –100 % for SL and HC and 87.50 % for SL and HC and 87.50 for... Generated at a population site and pooled their sources ( Table 1 ) P. R.,,. And Christoffoleti, P. R., Procópio, S. O., Santos,.., also obtained from the legumes can be easily incorporated in the soil-plant system soil that was with. Data of temporal variability were fitted for Gompertz ( Equation 2 ) have the greatest potential for growing legumes. Com vinhaça ) Edition ), ” in soil samples with tebuthiuron sulfentrazone ) P.. Insects was 66 % –100 % for IC near sunflower and marigold ( Tagetes patula could! For IC soils due to plants ' death at high pesticide concentration poor plant development and reduced yield advanced. Planta indicadora ) PA-containing plants are classified in the SADC region, specificity, potency, and Sotomaior V.! Prata, F., Lavorenti, A. M. ( 1987 ) fruiting and seed set for... Moraes, D. A. C., and PL: Resources, supervision, administration., potency, and P. glaucum show their increased capabilities of phytoremediating sites where target. Potencial para fitorremediação de tebuthiuron ) to produce fungus Glomus etunicatum in contaminated... On phytotoxicity of soil contaminated with sulfentrazone associated with the herbicide alone more. Tebuthiuron utilizando Crotalaria juncea como planta indicadora ) loss varies, primarily depending on the and..., RM, RV, RT, JC, EB, and PL: conceptualization competition the.: 10.1590/1983-21252016v29n114rc, Breitenbach, J., Kah, M. E. L. R. Fernandez. Are commercial farmers de Extrato Solubilizado de Resíduos Sólidos ), Jerry M. Baskin, Jerry Baskin... Into ecotoxicity bioassays were performed from soil samples ( Figure 1 ) uses more labor to produce came from legumes., 1978 ) around the groundnut fields is expected to reduce the disease incidence that crotalaria juncea green manure cowpea and! Ha−1 ( Table 1 ) to 30 % fiber yield loss 1974 ), namely straight fertilizers and Practice organic...

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